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Instruction and Safety Manual



1                     The aim of these procedures is that accidents are prevented, the equipment is safeguarded and that nobody sustains injury whilst working with it.

2                    The Group’s equipment should be used in accordance with these procedures and before using it members will be trained in its safe usage.

3                    A Group of experienced members will be appointed Trainers by the Executive Committee to carry out the necessary training and to give clearance for suitable members to use the equipment. The Bookings Secretary will list those members.

4                    Training will be attendance at practical sessions where the equipment is in actual use and where the member will be mentored in using the equipment, organising his/her helpers and ensuring that risk is minimised to users and bystanders.

5                    The Chair will be responsible that risk assessments have been completed and available to all trainers and users.

6                    Only an Approved Engineer will service or repair the equipment.






The Trailer and load weigh approx 550 kg. The towing vehicle must be heavier than this weight. Ensure load is correctly distributed with a slight positive nose weight. Max. speed 60mph on motorways/dual carriageways, otherwise 50mph.

The breakaway cable and electrics must always be coupled and latter tested.

After ball has seated correctly, fully wind up jockey wheel. When the Equipment is not in use it will be kept in secure locked premises (insurance requirement).




  • Trailer must be located on flat area and wheels chocked.
  • Access required to power 230-volt ac single phase mains and water.
  • Power must be protected by a RCD. Don’t touch with wet hands
  • Lay out all equipment in a working order
  • Ensure that all cables are marked with fluorescent tape and are located to avoid people tripping on them.







  • Switch off machine when not in use.
  • Ensure all equipment is clean.
  • We recommend that you wear gloves and rubber apron.
  • Place wooden rack centrally on press tray.
  • Place frame on rack and cloth diagonally across it.
  • Fill cloth with pomace and fold cloth corners to centre.
  • Remove frame, place another rack on top and repeat process.
  • Ensure stack is level and vertical.
  • Complete with 9 cloths and slide trolley over press piston.
  • Close bypass valve and piston will begin to rise.
  • Once the “cheese” has been pressed, SLOWLY open bypass valve and the piston will sink.
  • Always use the press with a full “cheese” of 9 cloths/racks; at end of pressing you may have to fill out with previously packed pomace or spacer board.
  • Switch off motor when piston has sunk – NEVER restart with the press under load.
  • Most common cause of malfunction and low pressure is air in the system – with the pump running and bypass valve open, undo the pressure valve nut about three turns and as soon as you hear a knocking sound, tighten the nut once more.
  • After use, wash machine with cold water and a scrubbing brush. The Press cloths can be machine washed at 40oC – DO NOT spin dry, only drip dry.




1        Weight of  Equipment


(a)  The press, mill and sacks of apples are heavy and there is a risk of injury associated with lifting them.

(b)  Equipment falls over and hurts someone.


(i)    Take care when lifting.

(ii) Get help from others if necessary.

(iii) Use a good lifting method (straight back. Bend knees using legs). Ensure that the mill and press are set up on solid ground and are stable.


2       Hygiene

(a)  Equipment may be dirty.

(b)   Apples may be dirty, contain rotten fruit and/or may have been picked up off ground that is contaminated with animal faeces.

(c)    Juice bottles may be recycled and not clean.

(d)   The press’s spindle is oily and cross-contamination with fruit pulp can occur.

There is a risk with all of the above that bacteria etc are passed to people.


(i)    Wash all equipment using fresh clean water and, if necessary, sterilise, rinse and dry.

(ii)                                                                         Wash all fruit in clean water, changing it regularly.

(iii)     Inspect and discard any rotten or contaminated fruit.

(iv)      Wear clean and sterilised disposable rubber/latex gloves when handling fruit, pulp or juice.

(v)     Take care that the person operating the mill does not contaminate the pulp with oily hands.

(vi)      Use only new bottles for storing juice or thoroughly wash and sterilise all recycled bottles and tops.

(vii)   Inform people that the juice is unpasteurised and should be refrigerated and consumed within four days.






  • Don’t use rotten fruit and wash any that is dirty. Use clean juice bottles.
  • The machine is not suitable for use by young children.
  • Do not lift machine with hopper removed, risk of injury from exposed blades.
  • To move, ‘walk’ the machine or put one hand around hopper and outer hand under motor housing.
  • DO NOT SPRAY WATER into motor housing.
  • Mill is for use with apples and pears, not suitable for fruit with stones.
  • Machine to be placed upon clean, level surface.
  • Connect power and place food-grade bucket/bin under discharge chute.
  • Switch on Green Button.
  • WAIT until motor is running at full speed before introducing any fruit and do not turn off the motor until all fruit has been discharged.
  • DO NOT ATTEMPT to start motor with FRUIT IN MILL.
  • Pour fruit into the hopper, a little at a time, taking care not to overload.
  • Wash the Mill immediately after use before fruit pup has dried. Use low-pressure hose to run water down the inside of the hopper with the mill running. This will discharge the bulk of the residual pulp. Turn off mill and disconnect from power supply. Undo the three hopper retaining catches and lift off the hopper.
  • WARNING: this will expose very sharp mill blades.
  • With hose running at a trickle and nylon kitchen dish brush, clean blade assembly and inside milling chamber.
  • AVOID water running into the small hole in motor housing that gives access to cut-off switch.  After cleaning replace hopper etc.





3       Mill

240V electricity

(a)  Electric shock.

(b)   Trip hazard from cable.


(i)    Do not touch electrical fittings with wet hands.

(ii)Use a RCD device.

(iii)     Do not get electrical components (motor, switch box, cable, plug, etc.) wet when washing the equipment.

(iv)      Arrange equipment to avoid people tripping over the electrical cable.


4       Mill

Rotating blades

(a)  Physical injury/cuts/amputation


(i)    Ensure that the hopper is bolted onto the mill before connecting to the electricity supply.

(ii)Ensure that the electricity supply is disconnected before removing hopper for clearing a jam or cleaning.

(iii)     Do not overload the hopper with apples. Do not put your hands down the hopper. Use the plastic pole to push apples down.

(iv)      Ensure that the mill is supervised during the operation.






  • The thermostat on the Pasteuriser is a guide to temperature only, therefore use the supplied thermometer to check settings on machine.
  • Stand pasteuriser on a level surface.
  • Unwind power lead and connect via RCD to supply.
  • Part fill with water BEFORE switching on.
  • Use juice from clean apples and leave overnight to settle in an airtight container.
  • Fill glass screw cap bottles, leaving an air gap for expansion when heated.
  • Place bottles on top of the grid in the tank and loosely cap all but the middle bottle (Use this for thermometer to check temperature).
  • Raise water level to within an inch or two of the top of bottle


  • When preset temperature has been reached, the timer will start and once the set time has elapsed the light will go out.
  • Use the lined rubber gloves when removing bottles from the Pasteuriser, cap bottles tightly and then invert to bring the hot juice into contact with inside of cap and place on side to cool.
  • Once cooled, bottles can be stored upright an in cool dark place; the juice will remain in good condition for 18 months or more.
  • The next batch of bottles can be placed directly into hot water and timer reset.
  • After use, turn thermostat to zero and wash inside of tank with clean water. Do not use abrasive cleaners.
  • DO NOT immerse appliance in water. Keep the base of the appliance, the cable and plug dry at all times.





  • There should be a head of 2 to 3 feet above the top of the filler.
  • Adjust the back support bar to fit the size of bottle.
  • Adjust the bottle rest up or down to achieve position, air hole exposed.
  • Test the filler with water, check level of bottle fill and adjust as necessary.
  • Immediately after use, always rinse the filter with plenty of water and wash in sterilising solution and final clean water rinse.





  • Use machine in well-lit area and place on level, flat surface.
  • Eye protection should be worn whilst operating machinery and wear rubber apron.
  • Use clean water off mains supply with 3-4 bar.
  • Position sink over suitable drain to collect waste water.
  • Invert two bottles over nozzles, press down momentarily.
  • Check equipment before and after use.